Luke 10 Jesus Turns Toward Jerusalem
Summary

Jesus sent out seventy others into the cities of Galilee to heal the sick and to announce that the kingdom had come near to them. They were to go in pairs without provisions and depend on the people to provide for them. Those who would not receive them would be cursed. They returned overjoyed by the response. After that, a lawyer came to Jesus and asked what to do to inherit eternal life. Jesus asked him what the Law said. It said to love God and neighbor. Jesus then told him the parable of the Good Samari-tan. Jesus went to the house of Mary and Martha. Martha was distracted with her serving duties but Mary sat at Jesus’ feet and listened to His words. Mary had chosen the better thing to do.

Jesus Sends Out the Seventy-Two

10After this the Lord appointed seventy-two[1] others and sent them on ahead of him, two by two, into every town and place where he himself was about to go. 2And he said to them, “The harvest is plentiful, but the laborers are few. Therefore pray earnestly to the Lord of the harvest to send out laborers into his harvest. 3Go your way; behold, I am sending you out as lambs in the midst of wolves. 4Carry no moneybag, no knapsack, no sandals, and greet no one on the road. 5Whatever house you enter, first say, ‘Peace be to this house!’ 6And if a son of peace is there, your peace will rest upon him. But if not, it will return to you. 7And remain in the same house, eating and drinking what they provide, for the laborer deserves his wages. Do not go from house to house. 8Whenever you enter a town and they receive you, eat what is set before you. 9Heal the sick in it and say to them, ‘The kingdom of God has come near to you.’ 10But whenever you enter a town and they do not receive you, go into its streets and say, 11‘Even the dust of your town that clings to our feet we wipe off against you. Nevertheless know this, that the kingdom of God has come near.’ 12I tell you, it will be more bearable on that day for Sodom than for that town.

Question 1

Why were the seventy told not to take extra provisions with them?

Question 2

What lesson does Jesus use cities to illustrate?

Woe to Unrepentant Cities

13“Woe to you, Chorazin! Woe to you, Bethsaida! For if the mighty works done in you had been done in Tyre and Sidon, they would have repented long ago, sitting in sackcloth and ashes. 14But it will be more bearable in the judgment for Tyre and Sidon than for you. 15And you, Capernaum, will you be exalted to heaven? You shall be brought down to Hades.

16“The one who hears you hears me, and the one who rejects you rejects me, and the one who rejects me rejects him who sent me.”

The Return of the Seventy-Two

17The seventy-two returned with joy, saying, “Lord, even the demons are subject to us in your name!” 18And he said to them, “I saw Satan fall like lightning from heaven. 19Behold, I have given you authority to tread on serpents and scorpions, and over all the power of the enemy, and nothing shall hurt you. 20Nevertheless, do not rejoice in this, that the spirits are subject to you, but rejoice that your names are written in heaven.”

Question 3

What lesson was necessary for the seventy to learn after their return to Jesus?

Jesus Rejoices in the Father's Will

21In that same hour he rejoiced in the Holy Spirit and said, “I thank you, Father, Lord of heaven and earth, that you have hidden these things from the wise and understanding and revealed them to little children; yes, Father, for such was your gracious will.[2] 22All things have been handed over to me by my Father, and no one knows who the Son is except the Father, or who the Father is except the Son and anyone to whom the Son chooses to reveal him.”

23Then turning to the disciples he said privately, “Blessed are the eyes that see what you see! 24For I tell you that many prophets and kings desired to see what you see, and did not see it, and to hear what you hear, and did not hear it.”

The Parable of the Good Samaritan

25And behold, a lawyer stood up to put him to the test, saying, “Teacher, what shall I do to inherit eternal life?” 26He said to him, “What is written in the Law? How do you read it?” 27And he answered, “You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your strength and with all your mind, and your neighbor as yourself.” 28And he said to him, “You have answered correctly; do this, and you will live.”

Question 4

Why was it important for the lawyer to properly interpret what the law said about loving God and loving your neighbor?

29But he, desiring to justify himself, said to Jesus, “And who is my neighbor?” 30Jesus replied, “A man was going down from Jerusalem to Jericho, and he fell among robbers, who stripped him and beat him and departed, leaving him half dead. 31Now by chance a priest was going down that road, and when he saw him he passed by on the other side. 32So likewise a Levite, when he came to the place and saw him, passed by on the other side. 33But a Samaritan, as he journeyed, came to where he was, and when he saw him, he had compassion. 34He went to him and bound up his wounds, pouring on oil and wine. Then he set him on his own animal and brought him to an inn and took care of him. 35And the next day he took out two denarii[3] and gave them to the innkeeper, saying, ‘Take care of him, and whatever more you spend, I will repay you when I come back.’ 36Which of these three, do you think, proved to be a neighbor to the man who fell among the robbers?” 37He said, “The one who showed him mercy.” And Jesus said to him, “You go, and do likewise.”

Martha and Mary

38Now as they went on their way, Jesus[4] entered a village. And a woman named Martha welcomed him into her house. 39And she had a sister called Mary, who sat at the Lord's feet and listened to his teaching. 40But Martha was distracted with much serving. And she went up to him and said, “Lord, do you not care that my sister has left me to serve alone? Tell her then to help me.” 41But the Lord answered her, “Martha, Martha, you are anxious and troubled about many things, 42but one thing is necessary.[5] Mary has chosen the good portion, which will not be taken away from her.”

Question 5

Is serving important? How then did Mary choose better than Martha did?

People
  • Seventy disciples
  • Sent out to teach and heal

  • A lawyer
  • Asked how to inherit eternal life

  • A Samaritan
  • Helped a wounded man

  • A priest and a Levite
  • Did not help the wounded

  • Mary and Martha
  • Sisters, friends of Jesus

Places
  • Cities of Galilee
  • Jesus sent His disciples there

  • The road from Jerusalem to Jericho
  • Where the Good Samaritan story takes place

Jesus Sends Out the Seventy-Two

10After this the Lord appointed seventy-two[1] others and sent them on ahead of him, two by two, into every town and place where he himself was about to go. 2And he said to them, “The harvest is plentiful, but the laborers are few. Therefore pray earnestly to the Lord of the harvest to send out laborers into his harvest. 3Go your way; behold, I am sending you out as lambs in the midst of wolves. 4Carry no moneybag, no knapsack, no sandals, and greet no one on the road. 5Whatever house you enter, first say, ‘Peace be to this house!’ 6And if a son of peace is there, your peace will rest upon him. But if not, it will return to you. 7And remain in the same house, eating and drinking what they provide, for the laborer deserves his wages. Do not go from house to house. 8Whenever you enter a town and they receive you, eat what is set before you. 9Heal the sick in it and say to them, ‘The kingdom of God has come near to you.’ 10But whenever you enter a town and they do not receive you, go into its streets and say, 11‘Even the dust of your town that clings to our feet we wipe off against you. Nevertheless know this, that the kingdom of God has come near.’ 12I tell you, it will be more bearable on that day for Sodom than for that town.

Luke 10:4

The seventy disciples were not to carry provisions with them. They were to travel light.

They were not to carry a purse; i.e., they were not to take gold, silver, or copper coins.

Scrip was a bag similar to our knapsack; i.e., a carrier for additional clothing, etc.


Luke 10:9

Sodom and Gomorrah were wicked cities destroyed in the Old Testament (Gen. 19).


Luke 10:12

This Herod is Herod the Great who ruled Judea during the early life of Jesus.

Woe to Unrepentant Cities

13“Woe to you, Chorazin! Woe to you, Bethsaida! For if the mighty works done in you had been done in Tyre and Sidon, they would have repented long ago, sitting in sackcloth and ashes. 14But it will be more bearable in the judgment for Tyre and Sidon than for you. 15And you, Capernaum, will you be exalted to heaven? You shall be brought down to Hades.

Luke 10:13

Chorazin and Bethsaida were Galilean cities being judged for not receiving Jesus.

Tyre and Sidon were wicked Phoenician cities in the Old Testament. If Jesus’ miracles were done there, they would have repented instead of being judged and destroyed.

The priests were divided into 24 divisions for service at the temple; Abia (Abijah) was the eighth.

16“The one who hears you hears me, and the one who rejects you rejects me, and the one who rejects me rejects him who sent me.”

The Return of the Seventy-Two

17The seventy-two returned with joy, saying, “Lord, even the demons are subject to us in your name!” 18And he said to them, “I saw Satan fall like lightning from heaven. 19Behold, I have given you authority to tread on serpents and scorpions, and over all the power of the enemy, and nothing shall hurt you. 20Nevertheless, do not rejoice in this, that the spirits are subject to you, but rejoice that your names are written in heaven.”

Luke 10:18

Seeing Satan fall suggests the breaking of his power and looks forward to his complete defeat.


Luke 10:20

It was fine for them to be able to overcome evil spirits; but it was better for God to know them.

Jesus Rejoices in the Father's Will

21In that same hour he rejoiced in the Holy Spirit and said, “I thank you, Father, Lord of heaven and earth, that you have hidden these things from the wise and understanding and revealed them to little children; yes, Father, for such was your gracious will.[2] 22All things have been handed over to me by my Father, and no one knows who the Son is except the Father, or who the Father is except the Son and anyone to whom the Son chooses to reveal him.”

Luke 10:21

Spiritual things may be hidden from the sophisticated and known by the common people.

23Then turning to the disciples he said privately, “Blessed are the eyes that see what you see! 24For I tell you that many prophets and kings desired to see what you see, and did not see it, and to hear what you hear, and did not hear it.”

The Parable of the Good Samaritan

25And behold, a lawyer stood up to put him to the test, saying, “Teacher, what shall I do to inherit eternal life?” 26He said to him, “What is written in the Law? How do you read it?” 27And he answered, “You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your strength and with all your mind, and your neighbor as yourself.” 28And he said to him, “You have answered correctly; do this, and you will live.”

Luke 10:27

The lawyer recited two passages from the Old Testament. See:

Deuteronomy 6:5 and Leviticus 19:18

29But he, desiring to justify himself, said to Jesus, “And who is my neighbor?” 30Jesus replied, “A man was going down from Jerusalem to Jericho, and he fell among robbers, who stripped him and beat him and departed, leaving him half dead. 31Now by chance a priest was going down that road, and when he saw him he passed by on the other side. 32So likewise a Levite, when he came to the place and saw him, passed by on the other side. 33But a Samaritan, as he journeyed, came to where he was, and when he saw him, he had compassion. 34He went to him and bound up his wounds, pouring on oil and wine. Then he set him on his own animal and brought him to an inn and took care of him. 35And the next day he took out two denarii[3] and gave them to the innkeeper, saying, ‘Take care of him, and whatever more you spend, I will repay you when I come back.’ 36Which of these three, do you think, proved to be a neighbor to the man who fell among the robbers?” 37He said, “The one who showed him mercy.” And Jesus said to him, “You go, and do likewise.”

Luke 10:30

The road from Jerusalem to Jericho ran 17 miles and dropped from about 2700 feet above sea level to about 850 feet below sea level through treacherous territory.:


Luke 10:31

The priest and Levite were religious people expected to do the right thing. They passed by.


Luke 10:33

A Samaritan was considered a half-breed and generally disrespected by the Jews.

Martha and Mary

38Now as they went on their way, Jesus[4] entered a village. And a woman named Martha welcomed him into her house. 39And she had a sister called Mary, who sat at the Lord's feet and listened to his teaching. 40But Martha was distracted with much serving. And she went up to him and said, “Lord, do you not care that my sister has left me to serve alone? Tell her then to help me.” 41But the Lord answered her, “Martha, Martha, you are anxious and troubled about many things, 42but one thing is necessary.[5] Mary has chosen the good portion, which will not be taken away from her.”

Luke 10:38

Martha was concerned about household service; Mary with listening to Jesus teaching.


Luke 10:42

The two women show a contrast between spiritual and physical choices. Mary chose best.

Perspectives

All must receive Jesus. Those who reject Him will be judged.

Our neighbor is anyone who comes into our experience; particularly if he/she has need.

The most important choices in life are those that emphasize spiritual well-being.