Acts 15 Paul's Begins a Second Journey
Summary

After Paul and Barnabas returned from their first travels, some came from Judea to Antioch and taught the brethren that to be saved one must be circumcised according to the custom of Moses. Paul and Barnabas disputed that and determined to go to Jerusalem to discuss it with the apostles and elders there. The brethren there respected the inspired message that Christians need not be circumcised and determined to send a letter to Gentiles telling them that they needed to observe God’s moral laws but they did not need to obey the Law of Moses. Paul and Barnabas returned to Antioch. Barnabas wanted to take John Mark and Paul resisted. So Barnabas went to Cyprus and Paul chose Silas to go with him back to Asia.

People
  • Converted Pharisees from Jerusalem (15:1,5)
  • Paul and Barnabas
  • Went to Jerusalem

  • Peter and James
  • Speakers

  • John Mark
  • Subject of contention between Paul and Barnabas

  • Silas
  • Chosen to travel with Paul

Places
  • Antioch
  • Where Jewish teachers came to require Christians to be circumcised

  • Jerusalem
  • Where Paul and Barnabas went to talk to the apostles and elders

  • Syria and Cilicia
  • Where Paul and Silas went to continue spreading the gospel

Perspectives

The decision was based on the acts of God and upon Scripture, not from a vote of fallible men

Christians are not required to keep the laws and traditions of the Law of Moses.

We should not engage in idolatry, sexual immorality, or eating things strangled and blood.